What PM Modi did not tell you in address to nation: India had achieved A-SAT capabilities way back in 2012


Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday announced that India had shot down a low orbit satellite to demonstrate its space warfare capability. Billed as Operation Shakti, Modi said that with this achievement India had entered the group of countries such as China, the US and Russia with similar capabilities.


He said that the A-SAT missile will ‘give new strength to India’s space programme.’ He said, “I assure the international fraternity that our capability wouldn’t be used against anyone but is purely a part of India’s defence initiative.” He added that India remained ‘against arms raised in space’ adding that the Wednesday’s test wouldn’t breach any international law or treaties.

No sooner did Modi complete his address to the nation, his supporters both in the BJP and the media credited the prime minister with today’s achievement. Union Minister Nitin Gadkari was quoted by news agency ANI, “Congratulations to all the scientists for carrying out “Mission Shakti” successfully. India is moving fast towards becoming a world leader and under PM Modi’s leadership, it is on its way to not only becoming a ‘super economic power’, but also a ‘super science power’.”

But what Gadkari or the BJP supporting media did not say was that India had achieved the A-SAT capabilities way back in 2012. Speaking to India Today, VK Saraswat, the then chief of the Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), had revealed that India had achieved all the building blocks in place to integrate an anti-satellite weapon to neutralise hostile satellites in low earth and polar orbits. Saraswat had also implied that India’s anti-ballistic missile (ABM) defence programme could be utilised as an A-SAT weapon along with its Agni series of missiles. This was corroborated by the DRDO, which said that the Indian Ballistic Missile Defense Program can incorporate anti-satellite weapon development.

Saraswat had said, “Today, India has all the building blocks for an anti-satellite system in place. We don’t want to weaponise space but the building blocks should be in place. Because you may come to a time when you may need it. Today, I can say that all the building blocks (for an ASAT weapon) are in place. A little fine tuning may be required but we will do that electronically. We will not do a physical test (actual destruction of a satellite) because of the risk of space debris affecting other satellites.”

However, India’s claims of achieving the capabilities were met with apprehensions by several international experts even then. Questioning India’s “purported” capabilities, as reported by The Diplomat, experts such as Michael Listner and Victoria Samson had pointed out that without conducting a test and demonstrating its A-SAT capability explicitly, India will only be seen as a ‘paper tiger.’

Rajeswari Rajagopalan, senior fellow at the Observer Research Foundation, a New Delhi based think tank, was quoted in 2011 that India may do an A-SAT test in the next five to 10 years. The test was only to inform the world about the country’s capabilities more than anything else.

The need to achieve A-SAT capabilities had arisen after China had conducted a similar test in 2007.

Experts say that India’s Wednesday test could trigger a race to weaponise the space besides causing hazardous debris in the space. When China conducted its A-SAT test in 2007, 800 kms into the space, it had reportedly left behind approximately 2,500 to 3,000 pieces of dangerous debris in LEO. Reconnaissance and weather satellites and manned space missions are vulnerable to space debris. A report by The Diplomat said that this led to the destruction of a Russian satellite in May 2013 reportedly by one such piece of debris.

While the Wednesday’s test will indeed silence the sceptics about India’s A-SAT capabilities, it is important to understand that India had achieved these capabilities way back in 2012.


  1. Its like saying Garibi hatao was started in 1971 by Indiria Gandhi and why this surgical strike on poverty by Rahul in 2019. The desired results were not achieved. Unless the capability is tested and used its of no use.

  2. My take on test firing Anti Satilite Missile
    Certain things you will not do… Even if you can do for the sake of diplomacy and for good and cordial relationship with other countries… Anti satilite missile is one of such thing. Three countries has tested it by projecting it as a peaceful mission to clear space of defunct satilites… Only a fool do such chest thumping. By the way feku may not be knowing, any country which has the capability of developing ballistic missile and has established space research program can easily do it with tweaking of existing missile systems… So in a nutshell DRDO has this know how long back… Infact DRDO has capability to develop ICBM which can reach US too but the thing is do we require to demonstrate it? Or should we do it?. What faku literally did was a test missile already kept in the storage was fired from DRDO test range to reap cheap political milage simply disregarding the unnecessary mistrust among friendly nations and no deterrence to adversaries. One more thing feku may not be knowing… Those three countries have already moved to developing High power laser based Anti Satilite weapon and all the west countries who have the capability and process ballistic missile technology also have such capability (Israel, France, UK, Germany etc) so there is no elite club as such. What is all feku wanted was to make gullible voters believe something great he has done… By addressing the nation in Churchill style

    • People remember Churchill more than someone like John Major or David Cameron or Tony Blair or many other past PMs.

  3. People remember Churchill more than someone like John Major or David Cameron or Tony Blair or many other past PMs.


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