Jan Lokpal: Indian media working like slaves of a propaganda machine, open letter to TV channels’ editors

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Preeti Sharma Menon

Dear News Anchors and Senior Editors of Indian Television,

2015 is coming to an end; we have governments with decisive mandates in the Centre and most states; the industry is rearing to go; and the masses are full of aspirations.  All this should have had the makings of a successful year and upbeat expectations. However, as is also evident through all your shows, we see that despite all ingredients being there, the recipe for a progressive India is just not taking shape.

I am writing this letter to request you to understand not only your responsibility towards India, but towards yourselves; to remind  you that you are immensely talented and capable; and there is no need for you to work like slaves of a propaganda machine that’s pushing the nation towards fascism.

There are dissidents in every party, there are detractors of every party. The Bhartiya Janta Party has had the most sagacious (LK Advani), the most erudite (Arun Shourie), the most magisterial (Ram Jethmalini) and the most popular (Shatrughan Sinha) faces within the party, speak against its leadership. These persons are not just important BJP members, they are distinguished Indians, persons who through their individual achievements command an iconic eminence in their fields and are popular household names. Whenever Indian television reports of their dissidence with the central leadership of the party, it is measured and reasonable. And so it should be.

But God forbid that any ordinary, unknown volunteer of the Aam Aadmi Party raises a voice against the party and all hell breaks loose in your studios. “The party implodes, the Delhi Government drives to a grinding halt, the state of Delhi stops functioning”. Never mind that it’s the fastest growing party in India with the largest number of new joinees on a daily basis, never mind that it’s the biggest mandate government anywhere in the world today, never mind that Delhi is getting on peaceably with its business moving from one landmark reform to another. I don’t understand this malicious hatred towards the AAP, a party that is showing a way out of the murky, corrupt, black money infested Indian politics. Most times I assume you are under pressure from the powers that be and let it go.

However the JanLokpal? I am writing to you as we were partners in crime in that movement – it is the civil society and the media who together were the architects of the 2011 revolution. It is a dream of millions of Indians and Delhi is the first state that’s enacting that legislation. Your completely baseless and totally derogatory headlines and disparaging remarks have convinced an audience that a farce is being played out. On what basis did you reach this conclusion – on the basis of two dissidents who lost an attempt at power play within the party and their existence today stems around criticism of the AAP? Are these two dissidents champions of the JanLokpal – have they since their departure from the AAP demanded the Lokpal in the Centre or the Lokayukta in any other state in India?

It takes 5 minutes for you to understand that their issues are non-issues. But instead here is what you are doing.

It’s a fatwa:

It’s a bill that’s just been tabled through a due process. After approval from the cabinet, it will be discussed by 67 warriors of the JanLokpal movement who are fully capable of fighting within the party as they were against the outsiders. What kind of responsible journalism allows you to ridicule the constitutional process of this country?

It’s not discussed by civil society:

It is the most discussed bill in Indian history. Public debate began when the work Lokpal was coined in 1963 and reached a crescendo when civil society drafted the JanLokpal bill. It has been introduced 11 times in the Indian Parliament. The JanLokpal bill is available on the AAP website:http://www.aamaadmiparty.org/janlokpal. The Delhi Government attempted to table the bill on 14 February 2014. That too is in the public domain. It is the same bill. Yet, on prime time television you say it has not been discussed?

The selection process is diluted:

The selection process has removed eminent persons after taking cognizance of the Supreme Court ruling on the NJAC issue wherein a clear case was made out that the “eminent persons” was an ambiguous term and open to misuse. The current selection panel is well balanced with the Chief Justice of the State High Court, the Leader of Opposition, the Speaker and the Chief Minister. It is also open to amendment. But the conclusion that Arvind Kejriwal is making the bill subservient to the political class is such a big jump. Did you say that Narendra Modi is destroying the economy when Arun Shourie raised issues? No you said Arun Shourie raised issues. How is it that Arvind Kejriwal, easily the most honest Chief Minister, gets labeled with devious, almost anti-national motives, in a heartbeat? I think one of the reasons is that you know he cannot harm you in any way. He would not, even if he could, because he is the propagator of free press. The other is that you are not able to get over to the “too good to be true” syndrome and you spend all your time finding chinks in the armour. In the process you are discrediting India’s biggest political reform revolution.

Arvind Kejriwal can dismiss the Lokpal in a heartbeat:

Is impeachment a process where a CM or a PM gets up and dismisses people with a wave of hand? How many Judges have been impeached in India since Independence? How can you reach such an unfounded, baseless conclusion merely on Prashant Bhushan’s rant, especially after his shameful vicious attack on the AAP spokesperson Raghav Chadha exposed that his entire tirade is based on personal hatred? Is there no research wing left in news studios any more? No legal panels?

The Lokpal has no investigative powers:

I don’t even know what to say here. Prashant Bhushan said “Jump” and all jumped. We are the architects of the JanLokpal movement, the people who drafted a bill that gives the Lokpal full powers to investigate and even prosecute. We are screaming ourselves hoarse that is blatantly false propaganda, that full power to create the investigative wing are described in Section 10 (1) and Section 10 (10) but no one is listening!

It cannot include central government officials:

It’s the same bill that ever was. It always included all government officials in the geographical state boundary. The Delhi Police can arrest a Delhi government employee for slapping another person, they can also arrest a central government employee for the same offence. The Delhi Anti Corruption Bureau, until it was subverted by the Modi Government, entertained complaints of both state and central officials. It was Prashant Bhushan who wrote to Arvind Kejriwal in his first tenure as Chief Minister and asked him to file a case in the ACB against Oil & Petroleum Minister V Moily; and the FIR was filed. If all other agencies have historically had the NCT geographical territory as their terrain then why does it have to change with the Modi Government? And why is Prashant Bhushan the champion of that change? Why is no attempt being made to get to the bottom of this moot point?

The Delhi Government is the first government that removed a Cabinet Minister on the basis of a corruption complaint. The Delhi Government has passed the Delhi Right of Citizen to Time Bound Delivery of Services Amendment Bill 2015 which is the entire Citizen’s Charter section of the JanLokpal. This bill is a death knell for day-to-day corruption. The government has made certificates available online and it has made self attestation acceptable. Every day, the Delhi Government is moving power from the hands of the government to the hands of the citizens through such landmark reforms.

I understand that your political masters will not allow you to highlight these reforms because not only will it show the AAP in good light, it will also expose how the political class has so far, deliberately and maliciously, kept our system cocooned in corruption.

But attacking the JanLokpal on the basis of two discredited persons is attacking the dream of corruption free India. Do none of you have the vision to realize that corruption free India will benefit the media the most – you will be free to function without kowtowing to political manipulators? Or has years of sycophancy made you think you are not good enough to run on your own steam?

Don’t be afraid, each one of you is an icon of India – you are as popular as film stars and sports stars. India is such a huge market that there is a niche audience for each one of you. Given a level playing field you will shine. I have faith in your talent and capabilities, I pray you too find the strength to trust yourselves.

Sincerely

Preeti Sharma Menon
The author is Aam Aadmi Party’s spokesperson. Views expressed here are author’s own.

 

84 COMMENTS

  1. Very well said, Preeti. Media has almost completely blacked out Delhi Jan Lokpal Bill, instead they are reporting how Vijendra Gupta was thrown out of Assembly, How it is MahaJokepal Bill. Also, they are claiming that AAP’s proeducation bill will meet with Massive protest from private school teachers.

    • What about Ravish? Raghav was totally uncomfortable responding to questions raised by Ravish and Prashant Bhushan? Its time that AK come out and explain the bill and how is it fared from the old janlokpal draft.

      • How does it matter whether its old or new lokpal bill. All the people want is a strong lokpal and I think its the strongest. As a citizen of India I am happy.

      • AK doesn’t need to respond to PB. Let him sulk. If he is so passionate about lokpal, he should sue center for not appointing lokpal in 18 months. PB is jealous of AK’s popularity

        • How he can sue?. Is he king of india? How he has got powers to sue elected members of parliament , they r not elected by delhites.More over still delhi is union territory . Not at all full state, AAPIANS are in a PERCEPTION by getting votes of delhi they can rule parliament which is answerable to whole nation.Are AAPIANS questioning the authority of national capital ?Aap leader is not having full state hood to delhi it is congis folly to give a cm to delhi which tried to keep two swords in a scabbard without knowing results. Still this law to be approved by LG to get amended.

    • NEVER THINK MEDIA IS AGAINST AAP . IT SUPPORTED AAP DURING EVERY ELECTION > NOW THERE IS SOME TRUTH LIES WHY AAP SPOKES PERSONS ALL BEHAVE IN A DIFFERENT MANNER THIS IS DISCERNABLE IN TV SHOWS. DO THEY THINK THEY R ELITE ? THEY FORGOT LONG BEFORE THEY R AAMAADMI . NOW THEY ENJOY VIP STATUS BESTOWED BY OLD PARTY FELLOWS AND INCREASE THEIR SALARIES WITHOUT INTERVENTION OF COMMON PEOPLE THEY HAVE TO WORK WITH THE COMMON MINIMUM WAGES TO KNOW THEIR DIFFICULTIES. WHOLE PROPERTIES OF ELECTED MEMBERS SHALL BE CEASED AFTER BECOMMING ELECTED AS MLA R MP

  2. Quote: “It’s a bill that’s just been tabled through a due process. After approval from the cabinet, it will be discussed by 67 warriors of the JanLokpal movement who are fully capable of fighting within the party as they were against the outsiders. What kind of responsible journalism allows you to ridicule the constitutional process of this country?”

    So you are admitting that only 67 AAP MLA’s will discuss the bill, even the 3 BJP MLA’s are excluded. So all AAP MLA’s will get together and agree on the bill which was drafted by their emperor – democracy LOL. Also, AAP used to claim that they will take the input of the people before tabling important bills. No draft was every circulated in the public. It was simply imposed on the people are going through the approval of 67 YES men and women

      • people have voted for them on the premise that they will take peoples opinions into consideration and deliver on what they had promised. Now, AAP is going back on both with a highly compromised Jokepal which was put forward without people’s input

        • Have you ever asked BJP about it? Anyways happy to see that even though people are modi bhakts (won’t say BJP bcz Atal ji’s BJP was way better than this), they don’t expect a corruption free India from modi, but they expect it from AK and AAP

        • You changing your central argument. You implied that discussion by 67 MLAs is not democracy? Then tell me what is it? Is it the fault of AAP that it win so massive mandate?

          What people’s input? This was drafted during Anna movement and today Anna supported it albeit few changes which were accepted by Delhi Govt?

          If it is not democracy the tell me what would be?

          • R U AAP TROLL I AM HAPPY I AM STILL NO TROLL. I DONOT SUPPORT ANY PARTY BASING ON ITS DEEDS ONLY I COMMENT ON ALL PARTIES. DONOT BE PARTY MAN THAT IS MY ADVICE.

    • This is the same as happen earlier like both Congress (8 MLA) and BJP (32 MLA) shouted in Vidhan Sabha during the 49 days of AAP,Government, ” we are 40 now ” to oppose that Janlokpal Bill.

    • Yes, at least the leader of the opposition should be present in the assembly. However, Mr Vijendra Gupta is talking only about GNCT Delhi Act and making a point regarding “LG is the ruler of Delhi” that no Delhiite and no Delhi court agrees too. First, ask Mr Gupta to become more serious before entering the assembly. I’ve not even talked about O P Sharma.

  3. Quote: It’s not discussed by civil society:

    You are quoting all the bills prior to 2015 Jokepal as being discussed. Basically, you are supporting the argument that the current Jokepal bill is the only one NOT to be discussed by civil society before going through the Assembly

      • I can point out three major one’s

        1. 2014 Lokpal selection committee had only two politicians (CM and LOP), two High Court judges and three eminent persons. 2015 Lokpal has 1 High Court judge and three politicians (CM, Speaker, LOP)

        2. Removal of Lokpal of 2014: Any person can file a complaint with the court, and if found guilty, Lokpal would be removed. 2015 Lokpal can take a 2/3rd majority in Assembly to remove Lokpal

        3. 2014 Lokpal only imposed file for false- complaints. 2015 Lokpal includes 1-year jail sentence

        • hmmm… so basically your rants are just that … “mere rants”. Did you even pause to think how trivial the 3 points you cut-and-paste are, before posting?

          1) So you have problems because it includes the Speaker instead of a High Court judge? Seriously? Enough to discredit the entire bill? I can understand butthurt and sympathy for your Bushan, but this is going too far.

          2) Nothing wrong here. It takes the consensus of elected members. Conveniently ignored the provisions of appealing if a majority in Assembly cannot be procured?

          3) Is this even a demerit? It is an effective deterrent against those that file false and trivial complaints wasting tax money and time.

          Next time, try harder in finding credible reasons.

  4. Quote: “The selection process has removed eminent persons after taking cognizance of the Supreme Court ruling on the NJAC issue wherein a clear case was made out that the “eminent persons” was an ambiguous term and open to misuse. ”

    The NJAC ruling as no bearing on the Lokpal. It is just an excuse you are cooking up. Furthermore, the 2014 version of Lokpal had 2 High Court judges, 2 politicians and 3 eminent persons. The current Jokepal not only removes eminent persons but also removes one high court judge. Further illustrating that your intent is to make it a puppet of Emeror Kejriwal and his stooges

    • I thought you would have moved on from hero worshiping Prashant Bhushan and Yogendra Yadav. But it seems you are stuck in the rut. Too bad you could get over their ouster. Like it was advised to you and others better come up with a better more “democratic” party of your liking with your heroes in toe.

  5. Quote: ” Is impeachment a process where a CM or a PM gets up and dismisses people with a wave of hand? How many Judges have been impeached in India since Independence? How can you reach such an unfounded, baseless conclusion merely on Prashant Bhushan’s rant, especially after his shameful vicious attack on the AAP spokesperson Raghav Chadha exposed that his entire tirade is based on personal hatred? Is there no research wing left in news studios any more? No legal panels?”

    This is not based on Prashant Bhushan’s rant, it is based on Arvind Kejriwal’s rant against the Centre’s Lokpal where he insisted that the Lokpal can ONLY be removed by the Supreme Court.

  6. Sorry, We Support AnnaAndolan from “Deel Se” “Satta Se” Nahi. Therefore we r unable to digest the word of Raghav Chadha or Preeti Sharma Menon.

  7. BUT, what is the harm if Arvind has a talk with Prashant Bhushan? After all Prashant Bhushan is MORE competent person, as far the JLB and other legal matters are concerned. None has forgotten PB role in Coal Gate and 2G scam.

    The way the SM team of AAP is targeting PB, is really deplorable. PB is a very seasoned man, and every person has some flaws. The flaws does not take away the good things PB has done for the society.

    They ‘boys’ who have just joined AAP, like Ashish Khaitan, Raghav Chaddha, have been very disreptful to PB. PB is not looking for public showdown, as Ashish K says. Let it be a closed door meeting, and see that PB is satisfied. Whats wrong in that? Its clear that Arvind might have any interest of ‘flaws’ in the bill BUT PB is not having any interest except that it is transparent.

    Arvind should shed his ego and should sit with Prashant, as this is for the public cause, not for political settlements. Arvind should not be afraid for any debates. Rather it need not be a public debate, let them sit with couple of eminent persons. If Arvind is not ready, it means he is going the Modi way. Autocratic. Feeling that he is god, No swaraj. People gave him money and strength, and he should be able to deliver with RIGHT instruments.

    I hope Arvind sits with PB and tries to make the JLB, MORE STRONGER.

  8. Dear Madam,

    from the beginning, each and every dicision, we were recieved a mail from the party and asking for a suggessions… even i recived whe the first time AAP tried to make government… i was happy
    but, suddenly we lost contact after the 67 winning…
    about the Lokpal also at least the party can ask suggessions…
    anyway, only few disputes are left and hope it will also cleared…and the suggession from Anna Hazarre also will be consider..

    And we will defeat the media negligence threw the new generations social media like facebook and whatsapp, this is helping us to reach AAP direct to the people…. and we never mind medias…
    (they neglected a lot before our 28 seats winning, after they themelve came to us…)

    Thanks
    Naushad Kochi
    (AAP Social Media Ernakulam, Kerala)
    Mob: 9846671052

    • STILL THERE ARE HATERS OF AAP PARTY < DO U SEE ANY MAN ANSWERING QUERRIES POSTED IN AAMAADMIPARTY.ORG FORUMS. MOST OF THEM are BANNED. VOLUNTEERS ARE LEFT IN ABYSS. DUE TO THEM ONLY AK COULD REGISTER A MAJORITY WIN . NOW THEY ARE USED AND THROWNOUT LIKE WASTE PAPERS.

      • What do one expect from leaders? People have given a mandate. Sincere supporter of the party will support and ensure that promises do not become JUMLA. When things are on track, why people crib?
        Why not give Leadership of AAP two to three years before cribbing? Don’t we see the BJP working over time to stop anti corruption to every move that the AAP govt takes.
        Hope a state like Punjab where PM Modi and the dirty tricks dept cannot do what they do in Delhi

          • My communications are based on certain ground realities. Ppl are divided in their choice, because they do not understand the basics. Our leaders have inherited the mindset of erstwhile rulers – the British. Unlike developed economies the ldrs of ex colonies believes that the common man deserves only the wages! Not a share of nation’s prosperity.
            Read the free ebook. “Anatomy of Economy

  9. Delhi Govt promises to Discuss this Jan Lokpal further in Assembly, also include the recommendations from Mr. Anna Hazare, work on its weaknesses (if any)….

    Does our SLUT n PROSTITUTE Media, have some SHAME n CONSCIENCE left, or has it SOLD it OUT to its Political Daddies, who throw Green Bones at them ??

    Feels Blessed to have Honest Journalism offered by jantakareporter !!

    • BUT THE SAME MEDIA HIGHLIGHTED AK IN ELECTIONS, GLORIFIED AND A PATH TO WIN MAJORITY IN DELHI. ( I DOUBT WILL HE REPEAT SAME IN OTHER STATES OF SOUTHERN PARTS MUCH HATED MAN IN SOUTH FOR HIS ONE MAN SHOW) I DONOT KNOW HOW IT HAS BECOME ANTI TO AK< I THINK DUE TO HIS DICTATORIAL QUALITIES AND HIS ONE WAY ATTITUDE NOT TO LISTEN OTHERS IS MAIN QUALITY.

      • AK was never highlighted. Kiran bedi was. To give the credit of his success to the media is a pity! Having lived out of Delhi during the election season, I have a fairly neutral perspective and I can be sure that the media has been unreasonably bad to AAP during the Delhi election campaign.

  10. …….at the end of the day what matters is, strict law to curb corruption & not principals which looks good in papers Arvind is for the Aam Admi, by the Aam Admi, & of the Aam admi

      • 520 CRORES ALLOCATED TO GLORIFY HIS DEEDS AND IN CM CAPACITY ASKS FOR ALMS , THESE ARE GOOD QUALITIES PREFERRED BY DELHITES AND VOTE WERE DRAWN FOR FREEBIES .WHEN SOME PARTY FULFILLS WHOLE MANIFESTO THEN IT IS GLORY TO THE NATION. ALL FAKE PROMISES ARE GIVEN BY INDIAN PARTIES , WHEN voter IS GOING TO GET A TRUE PARTY?

        • There is two fold problem. The voters have the mindset of cattle. A goat trusts the butcher. The voters believe. And leaders fool voters with JUMLA. In the past Garibi hatavo to so many. Traditional leaders are slaves to corporates.

          AAP is a hope. NDA crushes AAP from functioning. Hope AAP will form govt and show the world that a Goverment working for common man and not corporates is really possible.

          What is economics, what are our leaders

    • RIGHTLY SAID I AGREE WITH YOU. NOW HE IS NOT AAMAADMI BY INCREASING SALARIES OF MLAS TO THE TUNE OF 250% AND LEAVING BROOM FELLOWS WITHOUT HIKE

  11. very well written. My thoughts and concerns as well. Thought at least one channel would show the proceedings of Delhi assembly yesterday. All they showed was the BJP Mp being carried away and of course Modi’s 160 something seconds of handshake with Navaz sheriff.

  12. The JanLokpal bill is available on the AAP website: http: // www . aamaadmiparty . org/j….”
    That links to old 2011 Jan Lokpal bill.

  13. All this fight reminds me of a Hindi film song though slightly slapstick phir bhi I must place it here for a lil interval fun of sorts …… ” Aray … Pyaar karnay waalay, aji pyaar hi karenge … jalnay waalay chaahay jal jal marenge …. kahin beetay naa yeh raatein, kahin beetein naa yeh din ….. Gaataa rahay meraa dil, AAP hi meri manzil !!!! 🙂

  14. Preeti ji we are yr fans aap bohut achchaa debate karti hain … so keep it up … Great going … !!! Jai Hind !!

  15. LIER….She say Advani, Shatrughan Sinha are distinguished people while PB, YY & Shantosh Hegre are just unknown people…..Do u even know who they are….much more high profile then AK, forget about u & other Chamchas….

    If everything was ok with Bill….why did AK rushed his Chamchas to get Anna approval….why didn’t he asked for his suggestions before placing Bill….Also stop Lying that Anna approved the Bill….Anna also mentioned the same points that other prominent people r raising…..

  16. Also don’t just say everytime : c v r better then BJP & Congres….u were born because they were not doing the proper wrk & u are where u r because of people volunteers who supported u….so don’t just say every time these disgruntled ex volunteers etc….do u even know what Munish Raizada, Mayank Gandhi etc. have done for IAC & AAP….. & they again are more Educated-qualified-successful people then ur AK-others….

  17. Is int it obvious that the paid presstitute media do not want a party like AAP, a party that is showing a way out of the murky, corrupt, black money infested Indian politics’.

  18. This is a very informative article. With such an onslaught of negative coverage of AAP by mass media, the supporters do need some reassurance from time to time. Thanks a lot.

  19. Twinkle Singh MR KEJRIWAL OPEN LETTER TO YOU TO SHOW YOUR DOUBLE STANDARD FACE …..You made fool of public of DELHI ,you know what i will tell you is TRUTH AND I WILL EXPOSE YOU TODAY BY MY THIS OPEN LETTER,have courage to listen AND REPLY BACK… . You started your POLITICAL CAREER against Congress with Anna and many other who you left time to time bcoz did not agreed with you for some reason or asked you a question about your stupid decision ……like taking support of CONGRESS again after you was badly defeated in LOK SABHA election WHERE IS AANA HAZRE TODAY??,….At that time you kept your mouth shut bcoz you knew you cant win DELHI ELECTION without the help of some of your so called friends like PARSHANT,YOGINDER,AND MANY MORE WHICH INCLUDE MP FROM PUNJAB ALSO, but the day you won election …second day you opposed then and through them out of party with the help of your chamchas …..SO THIS SHOW YOU ARE BIG OPPORTUNIST ….Now lets talk about your principals …In your budget you gave 570 crores for your advertisement????why AND who are you to spend crores of rupees to advertise yourself BY THE MONEY OF TAX PAYERS ….IS THIS IS SAWRAJ???WHY TILL TODAY YOU HAVE NOT SACKED SOM LAL BHARTI????WHY YOU BACKED YOUR LAW MINSTER??THERE WAS ADVERTISEMENT SCAM IN YOUR GOVERMENT WHAT YOU HAVE DONE????NOW LOKPAL ? DID YOU TOOK ANNA OR SHOWED ANNA THE DRAFT OF LOKPAL BILL WHICH YOU HAVE PRODUCED IN DELHI VIDHAN SABHA?WE KNOW IT IS JOKEPAL…SO LIST IS VERY LONG ///Go and see Roads of interior Delhi you will know truth Mr kejriwal.DO YOU KNOW DELHI PEOPLE ELECTRICITY BILL HAS GONE UP….WATER BILL ARE SAME……NO CHANGE IN POLLUTION …..TRAFFIC POSITION ALL DELHI PEOPLE KNOW….CLEANNESS IS WORST ….You have only ONE work to keep GUNS on other shoulder that’s why you did not keep any responsibility with you….THIS THING YOU GOT FROM SONIA GANDHI>>>>so why not we say that you are congress supported person inspired by GANDHI FAMILY CONGRESS,that was a reason you shared stage with LALU,Rahul Gandhi and SONIA GANDHI……I KNOW YOU WILL BLOCK ME AS YOU BLOCKED ME ON YOUR TWITTER ACCOUNT..BECOZ YOU ARE FOUND OF CHAMCHAS..I Challenge you for a debate but i know you will not ACCEPT….Show courage to debate with this so called common man …

  20. I disagree with Preeti ji, becos her attitude shows she wore colour glasses of AAP. The recent deeds of AAP a wound in the history of INDIA. Her writings are in support of AAP.Do we notice any change in the structure of governing? The reforms are posing a self styled dictator who donot care for the masses of India. They donot have powers except to rely on LG. Does this AAP survive its period in Delhi? Except blame game they have nothing to do. The recent increase in salaries of MPs has brought shame to its so called clean of unclean party.

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