COVID-19 Awareness Series: Precautions you must follow; Maintain Hygiene, Social Distancing, Build Immunity and Practice Respiratory Hygiene

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The outbreak of coronavirus has wreaked havoc across the world with 1.2 lakh people losing their lives and more than 20 lakh people testing positive. In India, the deadly virus has claimed close to 400 lives forcing the country to go into a nationwide lockdown since 23 March. From today, we will be carrying an educational series outlining what you must do at home as preventive measures to protect yourself and members of your families from coronavirus.

COVID-19 Pandemic


Maintain Hygiene 

The World Health Organisation says that you must regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. This helps you kill viruses that may be on your hands.

Practice saline water gargling and steam inhalation

In addition to using hand sanitiser and washing your hand regularly, Chairman of India’s pharmaceutical giant Cipla, YK Hamied, says one also needs to focus on regular gargling and steam inhalation. According to Hamied, steam inhalation twice a day is advisable, adding that gargling once a day with Listerine is also good since alcohol kills viruses.

Social distancing

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing. This is because when someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

Building immunity

Experts say that COVID-19 tends to adversely impact the health of people with weaker immune systems more than the others. It’s, therefore, advisable to focus on strengthening your immune system. Taking a pinch of blackseed every morning has proven to be very effective in building your immune system. Consumption of fruits with plenty of Vitamin C such as oranges or anything from that fruit family is extremely useful.

Ensuring sufficient sleep also goes a long way in strengthening your immune system. Regular workout and meditation even inside your homes will keep you mentally fit. According to an advisory from the UK’s NHS, it’s important to keep exercising as at times like these, it can be easy to fall into unhealthy patterns of behaviour that end up making you feel worse.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

This is because hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Practice respiratory hygiene

The WHO says that one must follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately. This is because droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.


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