New Delhi: Gulzar today advised the young generation of aspiring writers to “become their own critics” by emulating Mirza Ghalib’s practice of repeatedly editing his own writings. He was speaking at the ongoing Urdu festival ‘Jashn-e-Rekhta’.
The award-winning lyricist-poet, who was speaking in a session titled, “Hum Sooratgaar Kuch Khwaabon Ke”, said it was imperative for young poets to “self-evaluate and self-edit”.
“Ghalib used to edit his own poems and often reject the works he did not like. It is important for poets and writers today to know their shortcomings, and be able to edit their own works as well as reject them if they are not up to the mark,” Gulzar said.
In conversation with famous Urdu and Hindi screenwriter Javed Siddiqui, Gulzar also talked about the relevance of pioneers of Urdu poetry like Mir Taqi Mir and Faiz Ahmad Faiz among others.
Highlighting Faiz’s literary contribution and its importance during India’s freedom struggle, Gulzar said poetry was not merely a reflection of an individual’s grief but it should “reflect social consciousness”.
“Poetry is not about personal pain or tragedy. It should resonate the society’s grief. A social consciousness should be reflected in your poetry,” he said.
Gulzar noted that it was poetry’s failure as a form of expression that it hasn’t been able to bring the changes in the society that were dreamt of by poets like Mir and Ghalib.
“For the last 300 years we have dreamt of a different society and a better world. And some of those dreams were realised, but this realisation has always been under the control of governance (huqumat).
“The control of governance is evident because we haven’t realised the dreams as we couldn’t create the society we dreamt of 70 years ago,” he said.
Gulzar went on to recite one of Faiz’s couplets – ‘Maqaam Faiz koi raah me jacha hi nahi, jo ku-e-yaar se nikle to su-e-daar chale’, which loosely translates to ‘No destination en route caught my fancy, as I left my beloved’s house, I went straight to the gallows’.
When asked to explain Faiz’s ‘Mujh se pehle si mohabbat mere mehboob na maang’ by Siddiqui, Gulzar took a humorous dig at the current era of smartphones.
“There is pain of the society, of career and money. I have to face several other issues, so don’t expect from me the kind of love we shared earlier. I don’t have time to sit and text you anymore,” he quipped.
Talking about old Urdu poetry traditions created by Ghalib and Mir, Gulzar and Siddiqui weighed the two against each other while citing poets like Zauq who admired the poetic finesse of both the contemporaries.
While Ghalib himself noted Mir’s prowess in poetry by saying, “Rekhte k tumhin ustaad nahin ho Ghalib, kahte hain agle zamaane me koi Mir bhi tha”, Zauq wrote, “Na hua, par na hua Mir ka andaaz naseeb, Humne yaaro bohot zor ghazal me mara.”
Siddiqui noted that although Ghalib and Mir were contemporaries, their styles were significantly different.
“Even though Mir never publically mingled with the masses he wrote in a language that could be termed colloquial. It was easy to understand.
“Ghalib, however, in the beginning used to write in an extremely difficult language with most words borrowed from Persian and Anwari,” the screenwriter said.